Prayer is a precious activity experienced within the covenantal relationship between God and man. The level of intimacy that is brought out in prayer is unmatched, as it is truly a special action between the Lord and his image bearers. Because it is so intimate, prayer must be treated with divine delicacy. This thought applies to all aspects of prayer, even when figuring out who to pray to exactly. We pray to the Father, in the Spirit, and through the Son. 

When you interact with the Father, you are doing so through Jesus, the heavenly mediator. He has gone out before us, truly being able to sympathize with our current sufferings. And because we have Jesus as this intermediary, we are able to boldly approach the Lord in prayer.

“Since then we have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Jesus, the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. Let us then with confidence draw near to the throne of grace, that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need.”

Hebrews 4:14-16 ESV

The Spirit, likewise, also enables a close relationship with the Father. After receiving the Spirit, God makes his home with us. His Spirit works to sanctify our very souls, transforming our hearts into conforming to the glorious image of the Son. Alongside this beautiful process of sanctification, the Spirit intercedes for us during prayer. In our ultimate weakness, God’s Spirit groans deep within us, communicating our every need to the Father. We are to pray at all times in the Spirit (Ephesians 6:18).

“Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness. For we do not know what to pray for as we ought, but the Spirit himself intercedes for us with groanings too deep for words.”

Romans 8:26 ESV

Because God is trinitarian, prayer is trinitarian. The theme, clearly portrayed throughout the entirety of Scripture, of God being three in one is important to understanding how prayer should look: praying to the Father, in the Spirit, and through the Son.


  • Did you know that you interact with the entire trinity in prayer?
  • How does this affect how you pray?
  • How can you pray to the Father, in the Spirit, and through the Son?